by Wayne Lusvardi | August 20, 2013 11:48 am
In Germany, merchant-energy companies are considering moving to other countries where they can make a profit. Such companies are private firms that operate electricity generators. They are separate from public utilities, such as the Southern California Edison Company, or publicly owned utilities, such as the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power.
The problem: green-energy mandates have rendered conventional electrical-power generation profitless.
So California seems to be going the way of the Fatherland, driving conventional merchant-generated power out of business.
This is not sheer speculation. The Sutter Energy Center, a 578-megawatt natural gas power plant near Yuba City, threatened to shut down in 2011 because revenues were so thin it could not obtain a Resource Capacity Mechanism contract from the California Independent System Operator that manages the state’s electric grid. This may be the harbinger of things to come for merchant-energy companies in California.
Due to the concerns about electric capacity reliability resulting from green-power mandates, California is putting into place what it calls a “joint reliability framework.”  This calls for “dedicated solicitations” for guaranteed long-term negotiated power contracts for expensive green power, but open and competitive solicitations for new power generation.
In other words, existing merchant-power providers would be closed from such solicitations and forced into auctions. One of the largest private merchant-power companies in California, Calpine, is concerned that auctions would produce “perverse outcomes”: meaning bids that are less than the cost to produce the power.
The Western Power Trading Forum said, “The residual auctions may not yield prices sufficient to support the continued operation of resources that are supposedly needed on a forward basis. Further, the prices from the residual auctions may clear too low to attract demand response (DR) and energy efficiency (EE) resources.”
The California Energy News Data website said in an Aug. 2 opinion piece that it would “be surprised if the convoluted structure (of the joint reliability framework) actually works.” One of the reasons is that California proposes to hold separate auctions for local, system and flexible power. The problem with this is that no single market price will be able to emerge because there will be three prices instead. Which price dominates? What is the market price? No one will know.
The Utility Reform is concerned about market manipulations of auctions.  TURN believes the California Public Utilities Commission won’t be able to control the auctions. A power provider could refuse negotiated contracting and jump into an auction to bid prices up higher. And merchant power providers subject to having to sell their power at less than cost would be motivated to manipulate the market to avoid losses. Even the California Division of Ratepayer Advocates of the CPUC said it questions if the new pricing structures were even necessary.
Without price incentives, merchant energy companies may not respond to demands for energy. In Germany, electricity ratepayers will need to pay solar operators to not generate power to expand solar installations, because solar power only generates electricity during 3.5 peak hours per day and is unreliable. Germany is also considering providing subsidies to conventional power plants to ensure profitability.
The Southern California Edison Company apparently already sees the handwriting on the wall. SCE is a regulated public utility, not a merchant-energy company. SCE power rates are guaranteed by the CPUC to cover costs. But according to Forbes magazine, SCE has “gambled” by buying SoCore Energy, a distributed solar company serving mainly commercial and industrial facilities. If you can’t beat them, join them. Some speculate that lack of profitability, not environmental concerns, was the major reason that drove SCE to shut down its San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station earlier this year.
Mexico hasn’t shared profits with oil companies since 1960. Due to the fracking revolution, it is now considering ending its state oil monopoly to cash in on the bonanza.
California is going the opposite direction of establishing semi-monopolistic green power, which will also require subsidies for conventional power, or the phasing out — or pushing out — of it merchant-power plants.
With the statewide installation of smart meters, California may be going the way of Hawaii, which is planning forced shutdowns of power to customers, or huge price increases, if consumption is not minimized.
The unanticipated, but foreseeable, consequence of California’s green power mandate is that it would require massive ratepayer subsidies to both green and conventional power. Ironically, environmentalists who dreamed of putting big electrical utilities out of business will have to come to grips with the reality of subsidizing them to keep them in business to back up unreliable green power.
The new normal of electricity in California is across-the-board subsidization and a managed power grid legitimated by state green power mandates and global-warming laws such as AB 32.
Source URL: https://calwatchdog.com/2013/08/20/micro-managed-grid-short-circuting-ca-market-electricity/
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