Get prepared for this year’s fire season

July 16, 2012

By Chriss Street

California is one of the worst fire zones in the nation.  As we go to press, there are at least 10 major fires and more than 55,000 acres of California burning.  Major incidents include the Robbers Fire in Placer County, Mill Fire in Colusa County, Flat Fire in Trinity County, Panorama Fire in San Bernardino County, Sites Complex in Colusa County, Twin Fire in Riverside County, Seven Fire in Tuolumne County, La Grange Fire in Tuolumne County, Turkey Fire in Monterey County and the Fish Fire in Inyo County.

Every year thousands of acres burn, causing billions of dollars in damages and often the loss of life.  According to statistical studies of fires, geography is the most important factor.  Simply put, your home will be more likely to burn down if you build a home in a wind corridor, on a steep slope or in a remote location surrounded by wilderness.

But sometimes entire suburban communities burn down.  In preparing for this year’s fire season, I hope the following suggestions help protect your family from financial or personal loss this year:

RESILIENCE STARTS WITH COMMUNITY SELECTION  

  1. Going it alone puts you at greater risk than living near other people. Living in a place that’s frequently dangerous isn’t smart.
  2. Most fires are started by flying embers carried by winds up to a couple of miles ahead of the fire front, not by radiant heat or the fire front itself.  If your home is vulnerable to fires started by embers, your home will be much more likely to burn.
  3. Homes surrounded by improperly maintained vegetation are more likely to burn.

THREE WAYS TO CORRECTLY MAINTAIN VEGETATION

  • Remove vegetation that touches or is very close to the home.
  • Plant and maintain non-native landscaping or grow vegetables for “foodscaping” in the area around your home.  Keep native “brush” at a distance.
  • Trim trees of dead branches and remove dead grass.

CREATING  “DEFENSIBLE SPACE”

Defensible Space is the landscape between your house and the potential fuel source (dense stands of native or naturalized vegetation) that is your responsibility as a homeowner to maintain to reduce fire risk.  It is important to create two Brush Management Zones with different requirements.  It is common for municipal building codes to require a total of 100 feet of defensible space from the structure.

BRUSH MANAGEMENT ZONE 1 typically extends 35 feet out from the structure towards the flammable vegetation on the level portion of your property:

* Generally must be permanently irrigated to maintain succulent growth.
* Should consist primarily of low-growing plant material, less than four feet in height with the exception of trees.  lants should be low-fuel and fire-resistive.
* Other than the trunk, all portions of trees which extend within ten feet of a structure or the outlet of any chimney should be cut back.
* Trees adjacent to or overhanging any building must be free of dead wood.
* Roof and rain gutters of any structure must be free of leaves, needles, or other dead vegetative growth.
* Fences, gazebos and decks should be non-combustible and/or have a minimum one-hour fire resistance rating.
* Irrigation from Zone 1 must not run onto Zone 2, because it will encourage growth of flammable vegetation.

BRUSH MANAGEMENT ZONE 2 is the remaining 65 feet that extends beyond Zone 1 and is usually comprised of  native and/or naturalized vegetation:

* Should have NO permanent irrigation.
* Must be thinned and pruned on a seasonal basis to reduce the fuel-load of vegetation greater than 24 inches in height.

HOW TO THIN AND PRUNE BRUSH IN ZONE 2

Step 1:  Remove as much dead wood/vegetation along with all weeds as you can within the Brush Management Zone areas.

Step 2:  Thin the entire Zone 2 area.  Start by cutting down 50 percent of  the plants over two feet in height to a height of  six inches. Don’t go any lower than six inches so the roots remain to control soil erosion.  The goal is to create a “mosaic” or more natural look, so do your cutting is in a “staggered” pattern.  Leave uncut brush in groupings up to 400 square feet — that’s a 20 X 20-foot area, or an area that can be encircled by an 80-foot rope — separated by groupings of plants cut down to 6 inches.

Step 3:  Thinning should be prioritized as follows:

1. Invasive non-native species = weeds;
2. Flammable native species;
3. Native species;
4. Non-native species.

Remaining plants, four feet or more in height, should then be cut and shaped into “umbrellas.”  This means pruning one half of the lower branches to create umbrella-shaped canopies.  This allows you to see and deal with what is growing underneath.

Upper branches may then be shortened to reduce fuel load as long as the canopy is left intact. This keeps the plant healthy, and the shade from the plant canopy reduces weed and plant growth underneath.  Non-woody vegetation that is less than four feet in height, like coastal sage scrub, should be cut back to within 12 inches of the root crown.

Step 4:  Dispose of the cuttings and dead wood by either hauling it to a landfill; or, by chipping/mulching it on-site and spreading it out in the Zone 2 area to a depth of not more than 6 inches.

Step 5:  Thin & Prune annually, because plants will grow back.

These fire prevention preparations will not guarantee that you do not suffer damages from fires.  But being prepared will dramatically increase the likelihood that your family will be safer than your neighbors if a fire burns in your community.  For further information, please contact your county fire authority or city fire department.

Be Safe!

13 comments

Write a comment
  1. Ted Steele, The Decider
    Ted Steele, The Decider 16 July, 2012, 10:14

    Come on Trolls— Let’s rehash the hash !!

    Reply this comment
  2. Donkey
    Donkey 16 July, 2012, 11:18

    Looks like the slave labor FF’s from the state prisons are going to be busy this summer. While the “professional” FF’s with the obscene pay, benefits. perks, and pensions stand by and watch. 🙂

    Reply this comment
  3. mountainman
    mountainman 16 July, 2012, 12:50

    Don’t be fooled by defensible perimeters of 100′ and 65′ for zones 1 and 2, respectively. High winds turn the vertical fire plume horizontally and preheat everything in the path of the wind. That preheated air over 300 degrees is often not visible. Even a 300′ setback will not help. Also consider that despite using fire resistant building material, your home can burn from the inside out due to the radiant heat transferring through the window to the interior contents. All it takes is a newspaper laying on the table by the window to ignite interior materials.

    Reply this comment
  4. Ted Steele, The Decider
    Ted Steele, The Decider 16 July, 2012, 16:15

    Slave labor? You mean felons who are damn lucky to be serving their sentence outside rather than in the Penn?

    Duncey—lol—seems like you warm up to the cons……interesting patterns over time….mmmmmmmm

    Reply this comment
  5. Rex The Wonder Dog!
    Rex The Wonder Dog! 16 July, 2012, 16:57

    CalTURDS 2012 Return= 1%!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    The sky just fell!….. On Teddy,…… Teddy died today with CalTURDS!

    Reply this comment
  6. Rex The Wonder Dog!
    Rex The Wonder Dog! 16 July, 2012, 16:59

    Inmates love “Fire Camp”, and one reason is the good time custody credits- Penal Code 4019, which used to be 1 day of credit for every 2 days in the pen, then they changed to to 1 day credit for 1 served, but now fire camp gets 2 days for credit for every 1 day served/worked, can’t beat that deal!!!!!

    Reply this comment
  7. Donkey
    Donkey 16 July, 2012, 17:48

    Ted, I just love my fellow Americans, no matter their lot in life. Except the RAGWUS feeders, which happen to be manipulating the lives ofprivate sector taxpayers.

    That’s right Teddy Steal’s, it’s a class warfare thing with me, us vs the RAGWUS stealers!! 😉

    Reply this comment
  8. Rex The Wonder Dog!
    Rex The Wonder Dog! 16 July, 2012, 21:09

    1%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%………….Hahahahhahahahahah BAM!!!!!!!!

    Reply this comment
  9. Ted Steele, The Decider
    Ted Steele, The Decider 16 July, 2012, 22:25

    Man it was easier than usual spinning you troll Beck clones up today !

    Reply this comment
  10. Rex The Wonder Dog!
    Rex The Wonder Dog! 17 July, 2012, 00:41

    1%%%%%%%%%%%%%%5 Teddy DIA, the sky fell on him!!!!!

    ‘BAM!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Reply this comment
  11. Ted Steele, The Decider
    Ted Steele, The Decider 17 July, 2012, 08:57

    LOL– and I still have the Poodle troll spinning a day later!!!!

    7.75 over 20 years baby!!!!

    Reply this comment
  12. Rex the Wonder Dog!
    Rex the Wonder Dog! 17 July, 2012, 09:41

    1%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% baby!

    Reply this comment
  13. Ted Steele, The Decider
    Ted Steele, The Decider 17 July, 2012, 09:50

    LOL I still have him going off !!

    Hurry troll post now!!!! Huuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuurry!!!

    7.75 over 20 and 234 bil baaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaby !!!

    Reply this comment

Write a Comment

Leave a Reply



Related Articles

Rail Series: Medium-speed train tracking costs less than high-speed rail

This is Part 4 of a series on Medium-Speed rail alternatives to California’s High-Speed Rail project. Click to read Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part

Steve Lopez Myopia on Oil

FEB. 4, 2011 by JOHN SEILER L.A. Times columnist Steve Lopez this week enthuses for bikes, buses and the potential

New bullet-train biz plan still doesn’t address judge’s objection

On Friday, the California High-Speed Rail Authority released a new business plan for the bullet train project. The authority’s document