New analysis ranks California nearly last in liberty

July 4th, liberty, beeler, July 4, 2014When it comes to liberty, California is one of the most restrictive states on its citizens, according to a new study.

The Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, in its “Freedom in the 50 States” report divided liberty into three categories: personal, fiscal and regulatory. And while the Golden State ranked high (16th) in personal liberty, it was near the bottom in fiscal (46th) and regulatory (48th).

Overall, New Hampshire ranked the highest. New York was the only state with a lower overall liberty score than California.

For context, Cato defines libertarianism, in part, as “the belief that each person has the right to live his life as he chooses so long as he respects the equal rights of others.” And while the data used to compile the score gives a good snapshot of life in the state, many of the metrics used are sure to be viewed differently from person to person.

For example, gun “rights” account for more than 3 percent of the total score — and while the study sees gun-control measures as a threat to liberty, many Californians view restrictions on firearm usage and access as a necessity. But the study’s guiding principal is based on how governmental policies and regulations affect an individual’s ability to make his or her own decisions.

“In the American system, even ‘benefit to others’ cannot justify trampling on certain freedoms,” wrote the study’s authors. “Books may not be banned simply because the ideas and arguments they present offend some readers. Racial segregation would be unjustified even in the unlikely event it were somehow considered efficient. Likewise, state and local governments ought to respect basic rights and liberties, such as the right to practice an honest trade or the right to make lifetime partnership contracts, whether or not respecting these rights ‘maximizes utility.'”

Personal freedom

The most heavily weighted category in personal liberty is incarceration, where California ranks 12th — a steady improvement since 2010 as incarceration and drug arrest rates have fallen. 

California was tied for first with many states for marriage equality and ranked high in cannabis and alcohol liberty, but middle of the road in tobacco restrictions. The state ranked low in terms of school choice under the belief that taxpayers paying for public schools should have some freedom to choose where their children go.

Fiscal freedom 

As for fiscal freedom, California has relatively high state taxes and average local taxes, which, when combined, account for 10.8 percent of personal income. California ranks near the bottom (40th) for government debt, which comes to 22.8 percent of personal income.

Meanwhile, government employment in the state is actually well below the national average.

Regulatory Freedom

Regulatory freedom is where California scores the worst of the three categories. Land use is the highest-weighted category in regulatory policy, and it includes eminent domain rules and renewable portfolio standards for power companies, as well as smaller factors.

Labor law was also weighted heavily in regulatory policy, like right-to-work laws, minimum wage, mandated paid family leave and worker’s compensation as it relates to federal law. California ranks 50th in this category.


The study makes several suggestions on how to improve the state’s freedom score, which are included here:

  • Fiscal: Cut spending in the areas of general administration, housing and community development, and employee retirement, where it exceeds the national average, and use the proceeds to reduce indebtedness.
  • Regulatory: Eliminate the California Coastal Commission’s authority to regulate private land use. Instead, give it the authority to overturn local zoning rules that undermine sound environmental objectives, such as housing density.
  • Personal: Expand legal gambling. California’s political culture is unlikely to have many qualms about gaming, but legalizing nontribal casinos would require a constitutional amendment. If California’s gambling regime rose, consistently with that culture, to a standard deviation better than the national average, it would rise from 16th to 9th on personal freedom.


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  1. Queeg
    Queeg 16 August, 2016, 21:47


    The weather is great and your taxes are for the kids-

    Reply this comment
  2. Donkey
    Donkey 17 August, 2016, 08:07

    You don’t need a study to understand that the state with the largest Prison Industrial Complex (PIC) has the least amount of freedom! 🙂

    Reply this comment
  3. Norman
    Norman 17 August, 2016, 18:53

    The Cato study isn’t just a nice research study we have actual proof of their conclusion. The Carpe Diem blog shows that the cost of a UHaul truck going from LA or SF to Austin or Dallas costs twice as much as in the opposite direction.. This shows that people are leaving the state at maybe twice the rate as they are coming in. California politicians are driving people out.

    Reply this comment
  4. Spurwing Plover
    Spurwing Plover 18 August, 2016, 05:27

    A state run by the Stupid Jackass Party(Liberal Demacrats)wide open boders a brainless govenor(Moonbeam Brown)Braindead collage students and stupid envromtal regulations that stiffle new jobs plus Disneyland and Hollywood

    Reply this comment
  5. Billy G.
    Billy G. 18 August, 2016, 08:44

    Things To Come:
    1) ‘Exit Tax’: hand over 15% of your net worth to leave Cali.
    2) Internal Passports: Need a visa to leave the state
    3) ‘Imputed Income’ Tax: House paid off free-and-clear? Then you have an ‘imputed income’ equal to the amount you would/might pay in rent or mortgage. Pay Up!

    Reply this comment
  6. Ted. Mentor to the doomed....
    Ted. Mentor to the doomed.... 21 August, 2016, 07:14

    LOL Fat Whiney Americans! Waaaaaaa!!!

    Reply this comment
  7. milton
    milton 21 August, 2016, 17:47

    Meanwhile, Jerry gets ready to open his and Ann’s nude day care and pet care. “Ann & Jerry’s Puppies and Pussy Playhouse”.
    Something Jerry has planned for years, using state redevelopment funds”.
    “Bark like a dog, Tommie.”

    Reply this comment

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